Friday, December 13, 2019

Tension Occurred Right After The World War-Myassignmenthelp.Com

Question: Discuss About The Tension Occurred Right After The World War? Answer: Introducation Tension occurred right after the World War II between the Western Bloc and the Eastern Bloc on geopolitical grounds, which is widely referred as The Cold War, as there was no large scale fighting occurred. The main countries that were directly involved in the war were United States and Russia. Many scholars argue about the date and the duration of Cold War, where commonly accepted timeframe is the period between 1945 to 1991; the year Soviet Union collapsed. Different view of the US and Soviet government perceived each other will be compared in the essay in order to understand their impact in the Cold War. George Kenna was the appointed as mission chief and Ambassador Harrimans consultant in Moscow from 1944-46[1]. His point of view of Soviet policies and their leadership that he telegrammed was publish as The Source of Soviet Conduct signed under the name X. However, it was clear to all about the authorship of the article. business found the Kremlins conduct of foreign policy a bit disturbing which is the secretiveness, lack of frankness, duplicity, wary suspiciousness and unfriendliness of purpose. According to Kennan, Soviet diplomacy is simultaneously easier and difficult to deal with. Hence, any US policy toward the Soviet Union has to be of long term. Nevertheless, the policy has nothing to do with the outward histrionics. The foreign governments demands on Russian policy have to be put forward in a way to leave an open way for compliance not too detrimental to Russian prestige. It is by now clear from the above policies, that the Soviet Unions compulsion against the free institu tions of the western countries is something that can be contained by the masterful and vigilant application of counter-force at a series of constantly shifting geographical and political points, in correspondence to the shifts and manoeuvres of the Soviet policy. Kennan clearly stated that, it will be foolishness to expect to enjoy political intimacy with the Soviet regime and must continue to regard them as a rival in political arena. He added that Russia is still a feeble party, and Soviet policy is highly flexible. So, this can be considered as a warrant for the US entering with reasonable confidence upon a policy of firm containment, designed to confront the Russians with unalterable counter-force at every time where they show signs of encroaching upon the interest of peaceful and stable world. It does not means that America should limit their policies in the basis of hope. According to Kennan, Russian policies can be influence by influencing the internal and external communist movements by USs actions of development. Kennan believed, that with the same token, the United States can increase enormous strains over Soviet Union. This will force the policy of Kremlin to go under a far greater degree of moderation and circumspection than they had to observe during last few years of World War II. This anti-communist view of Kennan for the Russian policies had a significant impact and may have caused as an ignition of the Cold War. On the other hand, Nikolai Novikov was appointed as the ambassador of Soviet Union in the US. His similar type of telegram as Kennan described the onset of a more assertive US foreign policy, cautioning the Soviet leadership about the Trumans administration that is likely to bend on imposing military, political and economic domination of US around the world[2]. He further stated that the foreign policy that US is currently using is reactionary in nature, which as a result approached the policy advocated by the Republican party, laid the groundwork for close cooperation in this field between the far right wing of the Democratic party and Republican party. management to the analysis done by Novikov regarding American policy to USSR was to limit the influence of the Soviet Union from the neighbouring countries. The purpose of the policy was to break and overthrow the democratic governments, which are in friendly tie with USSR, and eventually alter them in the recent future with new gove rnments that would become a vessel for US and carry out the policy dictated by them. The Notable element of the general policy of US is directed toward limiting the international role of the USSR in the post world war with the policy regard to Germany. To oppose the democratic reconstruction, the US is aiming to strengthen the reactionary forces, which is purely inadequate for the demilitarization of Germany. These policies of US in Germany clearly reflect their plan to use Germany as an ally in a future war. It has delineated anti-Soviet edge and constitutes a series danger to the cause of peace. Novikov saw the anti-Soviet campaign of US is to impose political pressure on the Soviet Union and force it to make concessions. Further, he highlighted another goal as an attempt to create an atmosphere of war psychosis among the masses. Novikov saw these measures not exactly as goals, but as measures to prepare the condition for winning world supremacy for a new war. Novikov in his teleg ram warns the Soviet Union about the preparation by the US for a future is being conduct with the prospect of war against the Soviet Union. He supported his thought with the facts like the tactical training of their army and setting American strategic bases in possible regions from which they can launch strikes on USSR. Both the telegrams had a significant effect on both the countries and helped them to reframe their view for each other. It was true that America was indeed increasing their military and political power for near future, where the purpose was unknown. Both Kennans and Novikovs view of their policies imposed a gap between the two countries and ignited the Cold War between them. It will be wrong to use the word ignited as they made their policies in a manner which would have dominated the other for their succession. References T.H Etzold and J. L. Gaddis (eds), Containment: Documents on American Policy and Strategy, 1945-1950, Columbia University Press, New York, 2004 Hanhim?ki, JM, The Cold War: a History in Documents and Eyewitness Accounts, Oxford University Press, Oxford and New York, 2004 [1] T.H Etzold and J. L. Gaddis (eds), Containment: Documents on American Policy and Strategy, 1945-1950, Columbia University Press, New York, 1978, pp 84-90 [2] T.H Etzold and J. L. Gaddis (eds), Containment: Documents on American Policy and Strategy, 1945-1950, Columbia University Press, New York, 2004, pp- 111-14

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